now known as Calcutta, is a city of Joy that brings different ideas,
memories & experiences for different section of people. It is
mostly a place to be felt rather than just seen. Having undergone a sea
change as far as the metropolitan scenario is concerned, Kolkata, the
city on the banks of River Hooghly, is now also becoming one of the
important IT hubs (mostly at Salt Lake and Rajarhat Area) in India.
is one of the four chief metro of India along with Delhi, Mumbai, and
Chennai, the city of Kolkata was a mere village in the 17th century.
Then, it developed thus largely due to the influence of the European
powers, particularly during the British Raj. It is natural that Kolkata
has some of the fantastic edifices with British architectural styles.In
Kolkata city you must visit some of the places of interest like the
Victoria Memorial, (pic shown above) Botanical Gardens, and Raj Bhavan.
Victoria Memorial is huge white-marble structure built as a paean to
the Grand Empress and reflects the influence of the British culture to
a large extent. However, more specifically, it is a cross between
classical western and Mughal style. Opened on 1921, it contains massive
oil paintings in the Royal Gallery, depicting episodes from Queen
Victoria’s long, eventful life and reign, a remarkable collection of
the British colonial era.
272 acres of lush greenery on the outskirts of Kolkata – that is what Botanical
is all about. Home to several species of flora, ranging from
250 year old Banyan tree to a large variety of aquatic plants,
particularly the Victoria Amazonica, Sicilian double coconut tree,
bamboo trees, the multi-branched Palmyra tree and a huge variety of
cactus, orchids and other flowering plants, the place is hugely visited
by tourists and residents alike.
Museum is the oldest museum in India, constructed in 1874, the ,
housing one of the exclusive collections of archeological artifacts.
Apart from this Academy of Fine Arts, Birla Planetarium, and Dalhousie
Square are other tourist attractions in Kolkata. The tram ride in this
city on your Kolkata tour is a special interest and walks in the Maidan
area can be really romantic.
Tourists have a
huge range of accommodation options to choose from as there are budget
hotels, economy hotels, and star category hotels as well, catering to
the different needs of different people. They are mostly convenient and
provide all the contemporary facilities.
Area : 1,380 sq km
Population : 12 million
Altitude : 17 ft above sea level
Best time to visit: October to March
Languages : Bengali, Hindi, and English
STD Code : 033
Belur Math Temple
The 1st capital of the British in India, Calcutta- Kolkata does not
have an ancient history like New Delhi. The city was established in
year of 1686 when British moved to the small villages of Govindpur,
Sutanati, and Kalikata from their trading port of Hooghly. The city got
its name from the last of the settlements mentioned above. The city
progressed well until 1756 when Siraj-Ud-Daula (Nawab of Bengal)
attacked the town and drove away the British. Lord Clive retook
Calcutta- Kolkata and until 1911, Calcutta- Kolkata remained the
capital of the British government in India. Being the center of power
for so long created a unique culture and heritage of the city, totally
unlike any other city of India. The people here are proud of their
culture and can go to any length to defend it. The humanity of the city
can be felt only through visiting the place and not by reading.
Best Season, Climate, and Clothing
Calcutta- Kolkata is near the sea, the city has uniform temperature
throughout the year. The temperature ranges from 12-27°C in the winter
and 24-38°C in the summer. Annual rainfall is around 160 cm. Humidity
level can be very high in the summers and can make one's life
difficult. Cotton clothing is ideal for the summer months whereas light
woolens are required for the winters.
: In the North-West corner of the Maidan are small & pleasantly
laid out Eden Gardens.The gardens were created in 1840 and named after
the sister of Lord Auckland, the former governer general. The idea was
to make a Biblical - style garden of Eden in India. The expanse dotted
with beautiful trees and shrubs is intersected by winding paths, and
there is a large artificial lake. Alongside the gardens, is the world
famous Eden Gardens cricket stadium. The stadium is supposed to be the
largest in Asia with a seating capacity of more than a lakh spectators.
The calcutta cricket ground, where International test & one day
matches are held, is also with in the gardens. Near the gardens you can
take a pleasant walk along the bank of hoogly river
: Vidyasagar Setu a golden Gate Bridge look alike, 2kms downriver, was
completed in 1994. It is a modern day engineering marvel and is the
largest cable stayed bridge in Asia. The bridge connects the twin
cities of Calcutta and Howrah. It was built at a cost of Rs. 388
crores. Unfortunately it is not making the big difference that was
envisaged, as the approaches are too narrow to to handle the amount of
traffic that use bridge, and plans for widening the road are slow in
Birla Planetarium : This
planetarium, near the government of India tourist office, is one of the
largest in the world and is located on Calcutta's Eastern metropolitan
bypass. There are shows in English everyday. This 21st century marvel
of science, communication and environment is the first and only
institution of its kind in India. Set amidst trees and lawns, here one
finds science out of doors and alive
Science City :
It is located on Calcutta's Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. This 21st
century marvel of science, communication and environment is the first
and only institution of its kind in India.The pioneering effort of
NCSM, in setting up open air Science Parks has now added a new
dimension to science teaching through a process of discovery in the
outdoor setting. Set amidst trees and lawns, here one finds science out
of doors and alive
Indian Museum : This museum was
established in 1878 on Jawaharlal Nehru Road. The museum is built in
Italian architectural style and is considered as the largest museum in
the country and one of the best in Asia. The largest museum in the
country, the museum has six sections: Art, Archaeology, Anthropology,
Geology, Zoology and Industry (economic botany). From the Egyptian
mummy to the skeleton of the whale and some rare statues; the museum
has every thing. One of the rooms has a collection of meteorites. The
museum also has a unique fossil collection of prehistoric animals which
includes a giant crocodile and a huge tortorise.The art collection has
many fine pieces from Orissa and other temples and superb example of
Buddhist Gandharan art.
Zoological Gardens :
Calcutta's interesting zoo-the oldest in India-was the creation of Sir
Richard Carnac Temple who was Governor of Bengal from 1874 to 1877. It
was opened on Jan 1st 1876, by the Prince of Wales. The 16 hectare
grounds house a wide species of animals & birds including the rare
white Bengal Tiger. There is a separate reptile house and a children's
zoo. Migratory birds find sanctuary on a small lake in the zoo every
winter. The gardens are open from 6 a.m. To 5 p.m. daily. The
Zoological Gardens at Alipore opened to the public in 1876, have one of
the finest collections of birds, animals, and reptiles. Within the
Gardens, there is also a childrens' Zoo. The aquarium in front of the
Zoological Gardens contains sea-fishes of rare varieties.
: The extensive Botanical Gardens, on the west bank of the Hoogly
river, strech forever 1 km along the river and occupy 109 hectares. The
gardens were originally founded in 1786 and administered by Colonel
Kyd. It was from these gardens that the tea now grown in Assam and
Darjeeling was first developed. Trees of the rarest kinds, from Nepal,
Brazil, Penang, Java and Sumatra can be found here. There are towering
Mahogany trees, an avenue of Cuban Palms and an Orchid House. Mango and
Tamarind trees shade the grassy lawns. But the main attraction of the
garden is the 200 year old Banyan Tree, claimed to have the second
largest canopy in the world. It is the world's largest, having a
circumference of 330m. The Palm House in the centre of gardens is also
well worth a visit.The gardens are over the Howrah Bridge, 19Km by bus
from Chowringhee. The gardens are open from sunrise to sunset, and
although they tend to be very crowded on Sunday, on other days they are
peaceful and make a pleasant escape from the hassles and crowd of
: Nicco Park is situated at Salt Lake. This Amusement park is the
Disneyland of West Bengal, with a variety of unusual games and rides.
The Cave Ride is the latest addition and is the only of its kind in
this part of the world. The park is open to the public from 10.00 A.M
to 8.00 P.M everyday during the winter and 11.00 A.M to 9.00 P.m
everyday during the rest of the year
Why Kankinara? Becuase it's my hometown. Come to my small town. Here,
you will get Phuchkas (Paani puri), Aalu (Potato) Kaat, Kachuri and
many more fast food. Bhatpara is Bengali oriented area where you can
see Bengali culture and Kachari Road is the main market at Kankinara.
Calcutta Travel Tips
this article, we will provide you with some safety guidelines for
Calcutta travel. Going haphazardly without proper planning doesn't give
satisfaction and also leads to chaos. We will give you a couple of
Calcutta travel tips that will help you plan your tour in a
Dos & don'ts for Kolkata travel:
For the international tourists, it is always advisable to carry their Indian visa, as it is cumbersome to get one after arriving
Carry all your important documents and money
If you are traveling alone, don't publicize it.
case you happen to lose your passport, immediately lodge a complaint at
the police station and also inform your country's embassy.
It is advisable to carry adequate photocopies of your passport, traveler's checks and insurance.
Beware of touts and agents.
Make sure that your hotel reservation is done and it is confirmed.
To secure your belongings, use a combination lock.
Hotels in Calcutta
Circular 177 A, Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose Road, Calcutta 700 014 Ph 22441533
Jagannath VIP Road Kaikali More, Kolkata 700 052 Ph 22528863
Kunga Hotel 18, Black Burn Lane, Calcutta 700 073 Ph 22372970
VIP International 51, Mirza Galib Street, Calcutta 700 016 Ph 22293774
YMCA 25, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Calcutta 700 087 Ph 22492192